FISR - Nanostore Project

Production and storage of hydrogen in nanomaterials

Img FISR - Nanostore Project

The Nanostore project is addressed to the development of new tanks for hydrogen storage at solid state.
Nowadays hydrogen storage represents a crucial missing ring, in order to make possible a new economic platform (usually called “Hydrogen Economy”) based on an environmentally clean energetic.
Hydrogen is the ideal energetic vector because it can be obtained from renewable sources, it is not pollutant, and its use generates just water ad reaction products.
However, because hydrogen could be widely used in automotive and stationary applications, hydrogen must be properly stored according to energetic, safety and economical requirements.
In comparison to the hydrogen storage on gaseous form (which needs the employment of very high pressure) or on liquid form (through cryogenic techniques), the solid state storage is a valid alternative in applications like automotive (mobile applications) or in applications like boilers, cogeneration systems (stationary applications).
The project has concerned the development and testing of many typologies of materials able to adsorb and release hydrogen at specific temperature and pressure conditions, with a behavior similar to a sponge.
Properties of a big range of materials have been investigated: intermetallics AB2, AB5, Lithium-based, Boron-based and Nitrogen-based compounds and Magnesium-based system. This last group of materials allowed to achieve the most interesting outcomes and it was possible to build a tank able to store and release 500Nl of H2 with just 1kg of material. Additionally, the tank was integrated with fuel cells and a prototype.

Partecipants

  1. CSGI - Italy
  2. MBN Nanomaterialia - Italy
  3. University of Pavia - Italy
  4. University of Bergamo - Italy